We will soon provide a much more complete review of all studies since the 1970s. However, in the meantime we provide the studies that provide the most important instruction on how to prevent convenience store crime.
Law enforcement and state regulatory agencies/legislators should first read the study of the effect of the New Mexico State regulations.
Download Convenience Store Crime Rates - Measurement of Effectiveness of 11.5.6 NMAC
The NCSSC recommends all police departments and government agencies interested in reducing convenience store crime follow the recommendations of this pioneering 1980s study by the Gainesville, Florida police department. The convenience store industry has lobbed false objections to the data in this report, but they have all been countered by the original researchers and by the Gainesville police department. This study directly leads to the outstanding results now found in the State of New Mexico’s regulations.
Download Convenience Store Robberies - An Intervention Strategy by the Gainesville Police Department
Gainesville followed the recommendations found in the above report and had outstanding results. Key was the requirement that clerks not be left working alone and unprotected during the late night shift. However, when the State of Florida enacted statewide regulations based on the Gainesville program, the industry persuaded the state to make the regulations only apply to stores that had been robbed within the previous two years. This was a major mistake because it made the rules difficult to enforce, plus it meant that criminals could always easily find a store to rob that was not currently under the regulations. With the cooperation of the office of the Florida Attorney General, the NCSSC studied data from police reports statewide and the results showed that in 80 percent of convenience store crimes, the criminals were victimizing unregulated stores where clerks were left working alone at night.
Download NCSSC Study Report on Florida Convenience Store Police-Reported Incidents of Violent Crime
In 2001, at the University of Chapel Hill, Dr. Dana Loomis, et al, studied workplace homicides and concluded that “businesses having only one worker on duty evenings and weekends are more likely than other workplaces to experience homicides.” Then in 2002, Loomis et al published “Effectiveness of Safety Measures Recommended for Prevention of Workplace Homicide,” in the Journal of the American Medical Association. The conclusion: “We found evidence suggesting that eliminating solo work at night could reduce the risk of homicide for workers.”
Download Effectiveness of Safety Measures Recommended for Prevention of Workplace Homicide
The Crime Prevention Analysis Lab at California State University has conducted an excellent study of ways to prevent convenience store crime.
Download Preventing Armed Convenience Store Robbery: A Fusion of Environmental and Social Studies